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Her second book In My Humble Opinion is a delightful collection of her many columns covering a wide range of topics, from family to space exploration. Cindy is also a naturalist and has written and photographed The Urban Naturalist: In addition to history and nature, her interests include gardening, relationships, entertaining, and pets.

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Showing 4 Results Books: Observations of Nature along the Gulf Coast 15 Jun Provide feedback about this page. Unlimited One-Day Delivery and more. There are several indications that the scientific community, educators, and the general public are responding to the concerns about the decline in natural history studies. Here, I place the emphasis on marine sciences because of my greater familiarity with it.

One of the most ambitious, the Census of Marine Life Pierrot-Bults, ; Snelgrove, , strives to generate information on the diversity, distribution, and abundance, i. To date, it is clear that many marine species that have been investigated are new or poorly known Pierrot-Bults, ; Snelgrove, Also, there are many attempts to expand the role and significance of natural history through workshops on society, education, environmental research, and environmental management Hampton and Wheeler, Others have fostered an appreciation of natural history by helping us understand how this interest develops in young people Wilson, In an entirely different approach, it is clear that the appreciation of the importance of natural history is reflected in several new journals Northeastern Naturalist, Southeastern Naturalist, Caribbean Naturalist, and Urban Naturalist.

For fish, in particular, the accumulation of natural history data and literature is expanding as a result of the increasing acceptance of Fish Base http: Fortunately, the development of technology during the last several decades has opened new windows into the natural history of marine systems Greene, ; Porter et al.

The Urban Naturalist: Observations of Nature Along the US Gulf Coast, Vol 3

In our own studies, the use of otolith daily increments Sogard et al. In these instances, funding from competitive sources was available because we applied to diverse sources and seldom justified the work in terms of natural history. Listening arrays have been especially helpful in understanding the temporal and spatial patterns of site fidelity for estuarine fish. For example, some tagged summer flounder Sackett et al. Further, when they returned, they came back to the same areas where they previously resided.

These same studies found that, although departure for winter was common, the period of egress from the estuary was species specific Able et al. Also, some of these enhanced techniques applied by other investigators have broadened our understanding of fish migrations on a worldwide scale with large listening arrays Payne et al. The renewal of natural history studies, both for faculty, students, resource managers, and others, has multiple benefits in several areas, including in marine sciences. Much of this is in response to general environmental degradation on the land and in the sea.

Both conservation and restoration, increasingly active areas of science, need the background of natural history studies for effective and efficient evaluation of complex biological systems Wilson, ; Noss, ; Dayton, including in urbanized estuaries Able et al. A return to natural history roots has also been called for in wildlife Herman, ; Fleischner, and fisheries management Ross, None of these needs can be addressed until we return natural history to education programmes while extending its outreach to the general public e. One of the most effective ways that this has happened is through collaboration with recreational and commercial fishers.

They can often be wrong in their understanding of a fish species, but more often their insight and expertise is of real importance. They have been amazingly accurate in identifying where to catch a variety of target species. At the same time, our tracking has helped to inform them of tidal, diel, and seasonal habitat use patterns and migrations of which they were unaware. These exchanges have made us better natural historians and have given scientists credibility with an important user group. As another example, consider the possibility that fishers can contribute to the natural history we need based on their extensive experience Ames, ; Hind, The reason to focus on marine habitats is because our understanding of natural history is so limited there; the oceans and estuaries are the hidden part of the planet e.

National Research Council, This is reflected in the inability of humans to spend extended periods underwater e. Collette, , the limitations of vision underwater, especially in typically turbid estuaries, and the costs associated with trying to overcome these difficulties from SCUBA to rebreathers and especially submersibles.

Fortunately, solutions are at hand, and in some cases always have been, but are underappreciated. This presence often long term allows a basic understanding of the natural system e. As I write this, our field station has just experienced a major northeaster with snow accumulations up to 60 cm, winds gusting to kph, and extensive flooding of nearby habitats.

Cindy Price

Within the next week I will know, based on our continuing time-series, whether this storm has influenced larval fish ingress and species composition and juvenile fish residency. More generally, and perhaps most importantly, this access to nature also enhances the development of biologists Wilson, ; Janovy and Major, It certainly has for me Able, and I think the same is true for many students, interns, and technicians with whom I have shared these experiences.

One of the most effective contributions of marine and terrestrial field stations is the accessibility provided for long-term studies and the accumulated knowledge that supports these Tinkle, ; Brunt and Michener, ; Michener et al. These approaches are still important, although support for them seems to be diminishing, not increasing as it should Schmidly, These are especially critical to overcome the difficulties of interpretation associated with shifting baselines Pauly, , especially during a period of climate change in marine systems where the pace of change may be faster Burrows et al.

Certainly, our own studies have documented a changing fauna in New Jersey estuaries Able and Fahay, b. For example, we now know that the composition of larvae ingressing into our study estuary is changing with fewer northern species and more southern species Able and Fahay, b.

These same studies have indicated a changing phenology in estuarine ingress with American eel glass eels occurring later and Conger eels occurring earlier with the resulting potential for increased predation by the latter on the former Musumeci et al. Decreased funding for natural history studies, either dedicated, as part of larger multi-investigator research programmes, or as part of college and university curricula, is central to the problems we face Greene, These issues should be more easily resolved where the animal species of interest have economic value, e.

In addition, the lack of financial support at field stations might benefit from enhanced networking Schubel, , perhaps with agricultural field stations National Research Council, ; Schubel, Of certain importance is the need for long-term monitoring and experimental studies Cody and Smallwood, ; Ducklow et al.

While monitoring is frequently championed, it is seldom supported Sukhotin and Berger, This consistent attention, often to a particular place, is central to our ability to understand change. These same observations are central to successful synthesis of our current understanding of the biosphere and the obligation of all scientists to translate what we know into peer-reviewed publications, books for the general public i.

All of these will augment our ability to manage and conserve fish and fisheries, help us to understand effects of man-made change, and advance our ability to interpret effects of climate change and other shifting baselines. These, in turn, can help to inform ecosystem models that we are relying on much more frequently.

Many fish, and especially estuarine-dependent fish, have complex life histories that experience many population bottlenecks as they experience multiple morphologies across diverse habitats. Beyond the cumulative experience expressed above, I have several personal suggestions, particularly to aspiring students and young scientists who have interests in natural history or its contribution to their research programme.

These are, in no particular order: Many individuals from the international audience at the XV European Ichthyological Congress provided helpful and supporting comments, especially the organizer Alberto Correia. This manuscript benefitted from the editorial comments of Howard Browman and an anonymous reviewer. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.

What is natural history? The decline of natural history studies. Signs of renewed attention. Abstract The development of our understanding of fish and other marine fauna, including my own over several decades, has proceeded from basic natural history to ecology and evolution, but we often need to return to natural history to address deficiencies in our attempts to manage fisheries, conserve habitats, and model ecosystems. View large Download slide. A new cyclopterid fish, Liparis coheni , from the western North Atlantic with notes on life history.

Cleaning behavior in the cyprinodontid fishes: Fundulus majalis, Cyprinodon variegatus and Lucania parva. Ichthyoplankton of the St. Aspects of an undescribed reproductive behavior in Fundulus heteroclitus Pisces: Burrow construction and behavior of tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps , in Hudson Submarine Canyon.

An approach to understanding habitat dynamics of flatfishes: Movements of juvenile black sea bass, Centropristis striata , in a southern New Jersey estuary.

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The distribution of shallow water juvenile fishes in an urban estuary: Life history, ecology, and behavior of Liparis inquilinus Pisces: Cyclopteridae associated with the sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus. Tilefishes of the genus Caulolatilus construct burrows in the sea floor. Connectivity among salt marsh subhabitats: Seasonal and vertical distribution and growth of juvenile and adult capelin Mallotus villosus in the St. Lawrence estuary and western Gulf of St. The role of natural history in contemporary biology: The Ecology of Place: Physiological ecology in the 21st century: A new satellite technology for tracking the movements of Atlantic bluefin tuna.

The resource discovery initiative for field stations: Ten practical realities for institutional animal care and use committees when evaluating protocols dealing with fish in the field. A pervasive denigration of natural history misconstrues how biodiversity inventories and taxonomy underpin scientific knowledge.

Cindy Price (Designer of Moan Out Loud Protein Shakes)

Contributions of long-term research and time-series observations to marine ecology and biogeochemistry. Effects of municipal piers on the growth of juvenile fish in the Hudson River estuary: An assessment of the feeding success of young-of-the-year winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus near a municipal pier in the Hudson River estuary, U.

Local people, scientific inquiry, and the ecology and conservation of place in Latin America. Systematics, natural history, and conservation: